As stated, piccolos produce notes an octave higher than the flute and it music is written one octave below its pitch. It would also be better to practice with an electric tuner. Observe how long you can be consistent with the rhythm and can hold the note steady. Of course, always tune before playing and practice a lot of times. In 1953, the Gibson Guitar Corporation put the electric bass with a violin shape and an expandable end pin on market. These had one humbucker right alongside the neck pocket. Rickenbacker released the model 4000 bass which had a neck-through-body design in 1957. High end bass guitars which have unique designs, onboard electronics, and hand-finished bodies rose in the 1970 s. In 1764, it spread to England and was increasingly acknowledged. Bugles in the 19th century Modifications on the standard bugle in the 19th century included valved bugles and keyed bugles. It was in England in the early 1800 s that the keyed bugles were invented with the copyright for the Royal Kent bugle by Joseph Halliday. These are hand-held and produce clicking or rattling sounds used for rhythmic accents. Castanets are also played in the orchestra. At times, these are fastened to the handle or placed on a base forming machine castanets. Playing the castanet in the Spanish style is very rare in the modern orchestra. This is not because it is very complex to master and apply but because there are no more than four known professional castanet players all over the world. New composers got a chance to establish a wider range through pieces such as the Sequenza V of Luciano Berio and the Sonata by Paul Hindemith. Improvements such as increase in mouthpiece, bell and bore measurements, variation of materials, different mute types, and new kinds of valves led many developments in the structure of the trombone. This makes it suitable for chant and song accompaniment. It is also said that it is the sound of Australia, the voice of the earth, and probably the world s most ancient musical instrument. The term didgeridoo is thought to be a word formed from Western invention. It is also considered to be from the Irish d daire or d idire which means trumpeter, long-necked person, or constant smoker and from dubh or duth meaning black or native respectively.