The English light infantry also adopted this and they used the German flugelhorn which too the name of bugle horn. This is based on the Old French bugle which was derived from the Latin word buculus meaning bullock or castrated bull. It was pitches in D or C but could have been lowered to be using a curved crook. At times, these are fastened to the handle or placed on a base forming machine castanets. Playing the castanet in the Spanish style is very rare in the modern orchestra. This is not because it is very complex to master and apply but because there are no more than four known professional castanet players all over the world. Its first use was in war and it was frequently accompanied by a pipe or fife. The snare drum became larger and cylindrical in the 15th century. This was widely used by the Swiss mercenaries. It has a deeper design and was meant to be carried. In the 17th century, screws were added to fasten the snares which provides for a brighter sound. Observe how long you can be consistent with the rhythm and can hold the note steady. Of course, always tune before playing and practice a lot of times. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect. Don t forget to clean every after playing. Put a swab through your piccolo and tuning rod to remove spit and use a cloth to polish it. This makes it suitable for chant and song accompaniment. It is also said that it is the sound of Australia, the voice of the earth, and probably the world s most ancient musical instrument. The term didgeridoo is thought to be a word formed from Western invention. It is also considered to be from the Irish d daire or d idire which means trumpeter, long-necked person, or constant smoker and from dubh or duth meaning black or native respectively. Crumhorns are meant to copy the vocal quartet with bass, tenor, soprano, and alto. It has pitches in F and C. The instrument has a naturally sharp sound that gives a good effect in the modern ensemble. The tone which is from nasal humming to rich buzzing depends on the way their reeds are voiced. Structure Crumhorns are made of wood which was hollowed, packed with sand, and closed.